SeisComP3

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seiscomp3.Client

Modules are meant to be standalone programs doing a particular job. The seiscomp3.Client package focuses on three main aspects:

  • Communicate with other modules
  • Access station- and event metadata through a database
  • Fetch waveform data

Therefore a client package has been developed combining these concepts in an easy way with only a couple of API calls. Since SeisComP3 has been developed in C++ and uses the object oriented paradigm forcefully, modules build on the Application (C++: Seiscomp::Client::Application, Python: seiscomp3.Client.Application) class. It manages the messaging connection and waveform sources in a transparent way.

The class Seiscomp::Client::Application is the base class for all SeisComP3 applications. It manages messaging and database connections, provides access to command line options and configuration parameters and also handles and interprets notifier messages.

Blocking network operations like reading messages are moved into threads that are synchronized in a single blocking message queue. This queue allows pushing elements from different threads and unblocks when a new element is ready to be popped. If the queue is full (currently 10 elements are allowed) the pushing threads also block until an element can be pushed again.

This way applications do not have to poll and thus do not burn CPU cycles.

The application class is event driven. It runs the event loop which pops the message queue and dispatches events with their handlers. Handler methods are prefixed with handle, e.g. handleMessage().

Note

When overriding handlers it is always good practise to call the base handlers before running custom code.

Application class

The application class is part of the seiscomp3.Client package. It needs to be imported first.

import seiscomp3.Client

A common strategy to write a module with that class is to derive from it and run it in a Python main method.

import seiscomp3.Client, sys

# Class definition
class MyApp(seiscomp3.Client.Application):
    def __init__(self, argc, argv):
        seiscomp3.Client.Application.__init__(self, argc, argv)

# Main method to call the app
def main(argc, argv):
    app = MyApp(argc, argv)
    return app()

# Call the main method if run as script
if __name__ == "__main__":
    sys.exit(main(len(sys.argv), sys.argv))

An application can be called with the parenthesis operator () which returns the applications result code and serves as input to sys.exit(). Operator() is a wrapper for Application.exec().

The workflow of Application.exec() looks as follows:

def exec(self):
    self.returnCode = 1

    if self.init():
        self.returnCode = 0

        if !self.run() and self.returnCode == 0:
            self.returnCode = 1

        self.done()
    }
    else
       self.done()

    return self.returnCode

init(), run() and done() are explained in more detail in the next sections.

Constructor

To create an application, derive from the seiscomp3.Client.Application class and configure it in the constructor.

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class MyApp(seiscomp3.Client.Application):
    # MyApp constructor
    def __init__(self, argc, argv):
        # IMPORTANT: call the base class constructor
        seiscomp3.Client.Application.__init__(self, argc, argv)
        # Default is TRUE
        self.setMessagingEnabled(False)
        # Default is TRUE, TRUE
        self.setDatabaseEnabled(False, False)
        # Default is TRUE
        self.setDaemonEnabled(False)

As marked in line 4, the call of the constructor of the base class is very important. It takes the command line parameters and sets up internal application variables. Without this call the application will either not run at all or show undefined/unexpected behaviour.

The constructor takes also the initial parameters of the application such as enabling a messaging connection and enabling database access.

Messaging, database and daemon mode is enabled by default. The daemon mode is important if the application should be started as service and therefore should support the -D, --daemon option. Utilities and non daemon applications should disable that mode.

Example calls to this options are shown in the highlighted lines of the above code block.

If messaging is enabled, the messaging username is derived from the binary called (not the class name). If the script is called test.py then the username selected is test. The username can be overridden either in the configuration file (Configuration) or using the API.

self.setMessagingUsername("test")

Setting the username to an empty string results in a random username selected by the messaging server.

All application methods are defined in the C++ header file src/trunk/libs/seiscomp3/client/application.h.

Init

The workflow of the init function looks like this:

init (virtual)
    initConfiguration (virtual)
    initCommandLine (virtual)
        createCommandLineDescription (virtual)
    parseCommandLine (virtual)
        printUsage (virtual)
    validateParameters (virtual)
    loadPlugins
    forkDaemon
    initMessaging
    initDatabase
    loadInventory or loadStations
    loadDBConfigModule
    loadCities

Methods marked with virtual can be overriden. init() itself calls a lot of handlers that can be customized. Typical handlers are initConfiguration(), createCommandLineDescription() and validateParameters().

initConfiguration() is used to read parameters of the configuration files and to populate the internal state. If something fails or if configured values are out of bounds, False can be returned which causes to init() to return False and to exit the application with a non-zero result code.

An example is show below:

def initConfiguration(self):
    if not seiscomp3.Client.Application.initConfiguration(self):
        return False

    try: self._directory = self.configGetString("directory")
    except: pass

    return True

This method reads the directory parameter from the configuration file(s) and sets it internally. If the directory is not given in any of the modules configuration files, it logs an error and aborts the application by returning False.

createCommandLineDescription() is used to add custom command line options. This is a void function and does not return any value. It is also not necessary to call the baseclass method although it does not hurt.

def createCommandLineDescription(self):
    self.commandline().addGroup("Storage")
    self.commandline().addStringOption("Storage", "directory,o", "Specify the storage directory")

A new command line option group is added with addGroup() and then a new option is added to this group which is a string option. 4 types can be added as options: string, int, double and bool: addStringOption(), addIntOption(), addDoubleOption() and addBoolOption().

validateParameters() can be used to fetch the values of previously added command line options and to validate each parameter. If False is returned, the application is aborted with a non-zero result code.

def validateParameters(self):
    try: self._directory = self.commandline().optionString("directory")
    except: pass

    # The directory validity is checked to avoid duplicate checks in
    # initConfiguration.
    if not self._directory:
        seiscomp3.Logging.error("directory not set")
        return False

    if not exists(self._directory):
        seiscomp3.Logging.error("directory %s does not exist" %\
                                self._directory)
        return False

    return True

Custom initialization code after checking all parameters can be placed in the overridden method init().

But be aware that the process forked already if started as daemon. To run before the fork, it needs to be put into validateParameters().

Run

The workflow of the run method looks like this:

run (virtual)
    startMessageThread
    messageLoop
        readMessage
        dispatchMessage (virtual)
            handleMessage (virtual)
                addObject (virtual)
                updateObject (virtual)
                removeObject (virtual)
            handleReconnect (virtual)
            handleDisconnect (virtual)
            handleTimeout (virtual)
            handleAutoShutdown (virtual)

The run method starts the event loop and wait for new events in the queue. In case of messaging a thread is started that sits and waits for messages and feeds them to the queue and to the event loop in run(). Without messaging the run loop would do nothing but waiting for SIGTERM or a timer event enabled with enableTimer(). If the event loop is not needed because no timer and messages are needed, it should be overridden and the code should be placed there. This will disable the event loop.

run() is expected to return True on success and False otherwise. If False is returned the application exists with a non-zero return code. Custom return codes can always be set with Application.exit().

If the scmaster sends a message to the client it is received in the applications message thread and pushed to the queue. The event loop pops the message from the queue and calls handleMessage(). The default implementation uses two settings when handling a messages that can be controlled with enableInterpretNotifier() and enableAutoApplyNotifier().

enableInterpretNotifier() controls whether the Application queries the message type and extracts notifier objects. For each notifier it parses the operation and dispatches the parentID and the object either to addObject(), updateObject() or removeObject() handler. This behaviour is enabled by default. If disabled, a clients needs to parse the messages by itself and implement this method.

enableAutoApplyNotifier() controls whether incoming notifer objects are applied automatically to objects in local memory. If the client has already an object in memory and an update notifier for this object is received, the object in the notifier is copied to the local object. This behaviour is enabled by default.

Done

The workflow of the done method looks like this:

done (virtual)
    closeTimer
    closeMessaging
    closeDatabase

done() is usually not overridden. If custom code and clean up procedures need to be placed in done(), the base class must be called. done() is a void function.

def done(self):
    seiscomp3.Client.Application.done()

    # Custom clean ups
    closeMyDataFiles();
    closeCustomConnections();

StreamApplication class

The application class has another occurence: seiscomp3.Client.StreamApplication.

The class StreamApplication extends the Application in terms of record acquisition. It spawns another thread that reads the records from a configurable source and adds a new handler method StreamApplication.handleRecord() to handle these records.

Its workflow looks like this:

init (virtual)
    +initRecordStream
run (virtual)
    +startAcquisitionThread
        +storeRecord
    Application.messageLoop
        dispatchMessage (virtual)
            +handleRecord (virtual)
 done (virtual)
     +closeRecordStream

Received records can be handled with handleRecord().

def handleRecord(self, rec):
    print rec.streamID()

The stream subscription should be done in init(). recordStream() returns the RecordStream instance which can be used to add stream requests.

def init(self):
    if seiscomp3.Client.StreamApplication.init(self) == False:
        return False

    # Subscribe to some streams
    self.recordStream().addStream("GE", "MORC", "", "BHZ")
    return True

The record stream service is configured either with configuration files (recordstream.service, recordstream.source) or via command line (-I, --record-url).

The application finishes if the record stream read EOF. Running a StreamApplication with Seedlink would probably never terminate since it is a real time connection and handles reconnects automatically.