Waveform archive data availability collector


scardac scans an SDS waveform archive , e.g., created by slarchive or scart for available miniSEED data. It will collect information about

  • data extents - the absolute earliest and latest times data is available of a particular channel
  • data segments - continuous data segments sharing the same quality and sampling rate attributes

scardac is intended to be executed periodically, e.g., as a cronjob.

The data availability information is stored in the SeisComP3 database under the root element DataAvailability. Access to the data availability is provided by the fdsnws module via the services:

  • /fdsnws/station (extent information only, see matchtimeseries and includeavailability request parameters).
  • /fdsnws/ext/availability (extent and segment information provided in different formats)


  1. Read existing Extents from database

  2. Scan the SDS archive for new channel IDs and create new Extents

  3. Subsequently process the Extents using threads number of parallel threads. For each Extent:

    1. Find all available daily data files
    2. Sort the file list according date
    3. For each data file
    • remove DataSegments that do longer exists
    • update or create DataSegments that changed or are new
    • a segment is split if
      • the jitter (difference between previous records end time and current records start time) is exceeded
      • the quality or sampling rate changed
    • merge segment information into DataAttributeExtents (Extents sharing the same quality and sample rate information)
    • merge segment start and end time into overall Extent


  1. Get command line help or execute scardac with default parameters and informative debug output:

    scardac -h
    scardac --debug
  2. Update the availability of waveform data files existing in the standard SDS archive to the seiscomp3 database and create an XML file using scxmldump:

    scardac -d mysql://sysop:sysop@localhost/seiscomp3 -a $SEISCOMP_ROOT/var/lib/archive --debug
    scxmldump -Yf -d mysql://sysop:sysop@localhost/seiscomp3 -o availability.xml
  3. Update the availability of waveform data files existing in the standard SDS archive to the seiscomp3 database. Use fdsnws to fetch a flat file containing a list of periods of available data from stations of the CX network sharing the same quality and sampling rate attributes:

    scardac -d mysql://sysop:sysop@localhost/seiscomp3 -a $SEISCOMP_ROOT/var/lib/archive
    wget -O availability.txt 'http://localhost:8080/fdsnws/ext/availability/1/query?network=CX'


    The SeisComP3 module fdsnws must be running for executing this example.



scardac inherits global options.


Type: string

Path to MiniSeed waveform archive where all data is stored. The SDS archive structure is defined as YEAR/NET/STA/CHA/NET.STA.LOC.CHA.YEAR.DATEOFYEAR, e.g. 2018/GE/APE/BHZ.D/GE.APE..BHZ.D.2018.125 Default is @SEISCOMP_ROOT@/var/lib/archive.


Type: int

Number of threads scanning the archive in parallel Default is 1.


Type: int

Batch size of database transactions used when updating data availability segments. Allowed range: [1,1000] Default is 100.


Type: float

Acceptable derivation of end time and start time of successive records in multiples of sample time. Default is 0.5.


Type: int

Maximum number of segments per stream. If the limit is reached no more segments are added to the database and the corresponding extent is flagged as to fragmented. Use a negative value to disable any limit. Default is 1000000.


scardac [OPTION]...


-h, --help

show help message.

-V, --version

show version information

--config-file arg

Use alternative configuration file. When this option is used the loading of all stages is disabled. Only the given configuration file is parsed and used. To use another name for the configuration create a symbolic link of the application or copy it, eg scautopick -> scautopick2.

--plugins arg

Load given plugins.

-D, --daemon

Run as daemon. This means the application will fork itself and doesn’t need to be started with &.


--verbosity arg

Verbosity level [0..4]. 0:quiet, 1:error, 2:warning, 3:info, 4:debug

-v, --v

Increase verbosity level (may be repeated, eg. -vv)

-q, --quiet

Quiet mode: no logging output

--print-component arg

For each log entry print the component right after the log level. By default the component output is enabled for file output but disabled for console output.

--component arg

Limits the logging to a certain component. This option can be given more than once.

-s, --syslog

Use syslog logging back end. The output usually goes to /var/lib/messages.

-l, --lockfile arg

Path to lock file.

--console arg

Send log output to stdout.


Debug mode: –verbosity=4 –console=1


Trace mode: –verbosity=4 –console=1 –print-component=1 –print-context=1

--log-file arg

Use alternative log file.


-a, --archive arg

Overrides configuration parameter archive.

--threads arg

Overrides configuration parameter threads.

-b, --batch-size arg

Overrides configuration parameter batchsize.

-j, --jitter arg

Overrides configuration parameter jitter.

--generate-test-data arg

Do not scan the archive but generate test data for each stream in the inventory. Format: days,gaps,gapslen,overlaps,overlaplen. E.g. the following parameter list would generate test data for 100 days (starting from now()-100) which includes 150 gaps with a length of 2.5s followed by 50 overlaps with an overlap of 5s: –generate-test-data=100,150,2.5,50,5